1.6 – Activity 3 matching headings

Activity 3


This reading passage has 5 sections, A-E. Choose the correct heading for sections A-E from the list of numbered headings below and drag the correct number i-viii next to sections A-E.
List of Headings
  i. The science of marriage
  ii. The importance of honest communication
  iii. The power of thought
  iv. The Likelihood of marrying again
  v. Technological advances
  vi. The benefits of avoiding arguments
  vii. The real predictor for a lasting marriage
  viii. The consequences of early dissatisfaction

Section A

Marriage is a much-researched topic, and the way married couples communicate in particular has been the subject of many studies. These days, research into marriage often involves hours of recordings, followed by a thorough analysis of data with the help of modern software applications.

Section B

One such study analysed five years’ worth of data, obtained from 750 participating couples. At the start of the study, participants who felt they were in a harmonious relationship reported having happy marriages. In other words, Low Levels of conflict corresponded to a perceived higher degree of happiness. At the end of the five-year period, however, many of these couples had separated or had started divorce proceedings. The outcome of this study suggests that keeping the peace rather than talking about problems and working through them can have harmful effects on a relationship.

Section C

In a more recent, larger scale study, people were observed over a fifteen-year period. The researchers recorded the timings of marriages, divorces and remarriages and discovered patterns that helped them estimate how likely divorce was. If participants admitted the possibility of divorce to themselves during the first year of the study, the probability of it actually happening was ten times greater than for those couples who had not thought about it at all. Clearly, once the idea of divorce is in somebody’s mind, they are more likely to act on it.

Section D

Yet another piece of research confirms that the way men and women feel at the beginning of their marriage makes a difference to its eventual outcome. Those who feel disappointed, perhaps because marriage itself is different from their expectations, or because their Lifestyle is not what they had envisaged, are more likely to divorce.

Section E

Having said that, relationships are complex and their development is the result of many different influences. The end of a marriage is unlikely to be brought about by one particular factor, and is more probably the result of a combination of small incidents that add up over time. It is also worth bearing in mind that in most countries it is the minority of marriages that fail. No one can truthfully claim that their marriage is happy or perfect all the time, but the fact remains that most married people stay together for life. The secret of a happy marriage, it seems, lies where most people have always thought it does: in the effort made on a daily basis by both partners to treat each other with consideration and courtesy, and to cheerfully accept each other’s faults as well as their good qualities.

1.Likelihood:(n)the degree to which something can reasonably be expected to happen.

2.Avoid:(v)to stay away from someone or something, or not use something.

3.Satisfaction:(n) a feeling of happiness or pleasure because you have achieved something or got what you wanted.

4.Obtained:(v)to get something that you wanted, especially through your own efforts, skill or work.

5.Participant:(v) someone who is taking part in an activity or event.

6.Harmonious:(adj) harmonious relationships are ones in which people are friendly and helpful to one another.

7.Conflict:(v) a state of disagreement or argument between people, groups, countries etc.

8.Correspond:(v) if two thing or ideas correspond, the parts or information in one relate to the other parts or information in other.(have a close similarity; match or agree almost exactly.)

9.Perceive:(v) come to realize or understand.

10.Proceedings:(n) legal action. (a series of events that happens in a planned and controlled way)

11.Outcome:(n) the final result f a meeting, war etc. (used specially when no one knows what it will be until it actually happens.)

12.Keep the peace: (phrase)to maintain peace and order by preventing conflict.

13.Scale:(n) a set of numbers, amount, etc. used to measure or compare the level of something.

14.Observ:(v) to watch carefully the way something happens or the way someone does something.

15.Estimate:(v)  to guess or calculate the cost, size value, etc. of something.

16.Admit :(v) to agree that something is true, especially unwillingly.

17.Probability:(n) the level of possibility of something happening or being true.

18.Confirm:(v) to show that something is definitely true.

19.Eventual:(adj) happening or existing at a later time or at the end, especially after a lot of efforts, problems, etc.

20.Expectation:(n) what you think or hope will happen.

21.Envisage:(v) to imagine or expect something in the future, especially something good.

22.Combination:(n) the mixture you get when two or more things are combined.

23.Incident:(n) an  event, especially one that is unusual, important or violent.

24.Add up:(phrasal verb) to increase gradually until there is a large amount.

25.Bear in mind:(phrase ) to remember a fact or piece of information that is important or could be useful in the future.

26.Minority:(n) a smaller number or part.

27.Truthfully:(adv)in a way that expresses the truth.

28.Claim:(v) to say that something is true or is a fact, although you cannot prove it and other people might not believe it.

29.Consideration:(n)the act of thinking about something carefully.

30.Courtesy:(n)polite behavior, or polite action or mark.

31.Cheerfully:(adv)in a happy and positive way.