1.5 – Exercise 3

Questions 1-10

Complete the sentences below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.


Presenter: Good afternoon. I’m glad you all found your way here. Now, I’d like Dr. Wallace to introduce us to the Arboretum.

Dr. Wallace: Good afternoon. Although at first glance the Arboretum may look like a park, it is a research and teaching facility (Q1) that also provides a place for people to develop a positive relationship with nature (Q2).

When the University of Wisconsin-Madison purchased the land, mostly during the 1930’s (Q3), much of it bore little resemblance to its pre-settlement state. Instead, it had been turned into cultivated fields and pastures that had fallen into disuse (Q4). The university’s Arboretum committee decided, early on, to try to bring back the plants and animals that had lived on the land before its development (Q5).

Though they may not have anticipated it at the time, the committee’s foresight resulted in the Arboretum’s ongoing status as a pioneer in the restoration and management of ecological communities. In focusing on the re-establishment of historic landscapes, particularly those that predated large-scale human settlement, they introduced a whole new concept in ecology: ecological restoration (Q6) – the process of returning an ecosystem or piece of landscape to a previous, usually more “natural”, condition (Q7).

Madison was a fast-growing city in the 1920’s. Fortunately, some leading citizens recognized the need to preserve open space for Madison’s residents. Most of the Arboretum’s current holdings came from purchases these civic leaders made during the Great Depression (Q8). In addition to inexpensive land, the Depression brought a ready supply of hands to work it. Between 1935 and 1941, crews from the Civilian Conservation Corps were stationed at the Arboretum and provided most of the labor needed (Q9) to begin establishing ecological communities within the Arboretum. Efforts to restore or create historic ecological communities have continued over the years, with the result that the Arboretum’s collection of restored ecosystem is not only the oldest but also the most extensive such collection. In addition to these native plant and animal communities, the Arboretum, like most arboreta, has traditional collections of labeled plants arranged in garden-like displays. These horticultural collections, featuring trees and shrubs of the world (Q10), are the state’s largest woody plant collections.

1.Resemblence:(n) the fact that two people or things look like each other or are similar in some other way.

2.Settlement:(n)an official agreement that finishes an argument.

3.Cultivated:(adj) cultivated land is used to grow crops.

4.Pasture:(n) grass or similar plants suitable for animals such as cows and sheep to eat. or an area of land covered in this.

5.Anticipate:(v) to imagine or expect that something will happen.

6.Foresight:(n) the ability to judge correctly what is going to happen in the future and plan your actions based on this knowledge.

7.Ongoing:(adj) continuing to exist or develop, or happening at the present moment.

8.Status:(n) position or situation of a person, group, country etc.

9.Restoration:(n) the act or process of returning something to its earlier good  condition or position.

10.Civic:(adj) of a town or city or the people who live in it.

11.Crew:(n) a group of people who work together, especially all those who work on and operate a ship, aircraft, etc.

12.Civilian Conservation Corps (ccc): one of the most popular programs. The program’s goal was to conserve country’s natural resources while providing jobs for young men.

13.Arboreta:(plural of arboretum)a large garden where many types of trees are grown, for people to look at and to be studied for scientific purposes.

14.Horticultural:(adj) relating to the study or activity of growing garden plants.

15.Shrub:(n) a small bush or woody plant.

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