قبل از استفاده از این سرویس باید وچر مربوط به خدمات تصحیح رایتینگ تافل را تهیه کنید.
پاسخ مربوط به سوال زیر را در یک فایل ورد بنویسید و در بخش مشخص شده آپلود نمایید.
سپس در بخش پرداخت، وچر مشخص شده را برای تکمیل فرآیند انتخاب کنید.
پس از اتمام خرید، فایل شما برای تصحیح ارسال خواهد شد.
فایل تصحیح شده حداکثر بعد از 6 روز کاری آماده خواهد شد و از طریق پنل کاربری خود دریافت خواهید کرد.
Directions:Read the following passage for 3 minutes. You may take notes while you read. You will be able to see the reading passage again when it is time for you to write. You may use your notes to help you answer the question.
It is a certainty that the Vikings visited the Americas prior to Columbus’s epic voyage in 1492.
However, the claim that the Chinese reached America earlier is just as valid. Between the years 1405 and 1433, the Chinese Admiral Zheng He led seven great expeditions across the world’s oceans. On one voyage, he definitely reached both the east and west coasts of North America.
The evidence is compelling. Off the coasts of the Bahamas is the Bimini Road, an underwater formation that resembles a road. British historian, Gavin Menzies, believes this was either a dock or a road built by Zheng He’s fleet when it visited the Bahamas in 1421. The formation itself appears to have a distinct Chinese pattern as well, and the stones are seemingly arranged on purpose.
The second bit of evidence is the 1970s discovery of over twenty anchors in the waters of the Pacific Ocean off of Palos Verdes, California. These anchors are Chinese in origin. They are made of stone and have holes in the middle, making them uncommon forms of anchor. For thousands of years, the Chinese have used such large, round stones with holes in the middle so as to attach ropes to use as anchors for their ships. These anchors prove that a Chinese fleet, likely Zheng He’s, made it to America.
Another sign of this early Chinese expedition is the Newport Tower in Newport, Rhode Island. It is built in the shape of a Chinese lighthouse and is at the same latitude as Beijing, China’s capital. It also used crushed seashells as mortar for its bricks, a practice commonly used to construct Chinese lighthouses. The tower’s date of construction is unknown to historians, yet carbon dating methods place its creation to the early fifteenth century.
Now listen to part of a lecture on the topic you read about:
Summarize the points made in the lecture you just heard, explaining how they cast doubt on specific points made in the reading.